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IGRMS Bhopal organize under the Pottery And Terracotta Traditions of India-Phase-3

Sunday - June 3, 2018 6:59 pm , Category : BHOPAL

Bhopal: Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, Bhopal organize under the Pottery And Terracotta Traditions of India- Phase-3: Potters from Kumar gaon, Golaghat district, Assam developing pottery for open air exhibition named- Kumhar para. The pots and clay works mostly related to socio- religious and domestic purpose.

On this occasion, traditional artisans Shri. Jayanta Kalita, Shri. Sushil Dutta, Shri Bijit Dutta and Shir. Indra Bora said that Golaghat, Assam pottery was made by the kumar potters in their house for the ritual purpose. The whole process of the pottery making consists of application of different techniques at each stage. They first collect the fine quality of white sand and Kumarmati or Hiramati or clay, then it preserved for making, preparation of clay, making of tapal, gol and dan, giving of final shape to earthen potteries and preparing the bhati or furnace for burning dry earthen items for final stages. Stage-I: Adult male potter brings the white sand from local river-base and store it near the house or courtyard in gara (trench) for preparing of final potteries product. Stage-II: After the collection of the kumarmati in the Month of February and March (Magha Phagun), they do it with the help of kodal or spades, basket and khan or flat long wooden piece. Before the making pottery they worship the earth with betal-nut and agarbatti for successful compilation earthen work. The experience potter verified the clay for colour and started to make it with new shape.

Stage-III: Before keeping the clay in gara the maker make a layer of white sand in the pit. Both male and female participate to putting clay up to certain level, then they made another layer of clay in the same way and thus the process of making one layer after another in a continues process. During the period the local soil and jute bags covered the clay. It takes some time to final shape.

Stage-IV: The fourth stage is called the matikhunda or malting the clay. Clay is prepared by the women potters for making earthenware.The numbers of pieces is made by spade and water is sprinkled for softness. Clay soil is trashed in uniformly with the help of gayen and mixed with water and white sand for preparing the suitable clay for making pottery.

Stage-V: This stage also very important for the potters to produced the earthenware. Potters bring tapals from gara to the courtyard for making small gols and dise shape plate, chakti with pressure and movement of both palm and hands. They used wheel or chak for making potteries on the other hand some potters also used dan to manufacture clay work. The proper hard work has done by the kumara potters in this stage.

Stage-VI: After the used of wheel or chak the pottery vessels are putting to the firing place or it safely preserved in a place and it is firing the entire vessels. A few days has remained in the burning place and after it the colouring the female potter in the vessels. The amount of the fuel depends upon the number of potteries to be fired.

Generally, the work is done at the interval of 10-12 days. Then these earthen objects are sold in the market and the Kumar potters earn some money for their livelihood. They produce some earthen articles like Baira, Chilim, Dupdhani, Karah, Tekali, Saru, Saki, Sakidani, Karahi, malasaru, bontisaki etc.-Window To News
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