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Diabetics at high risk of lung disease: Study

Thursday - July 12, 2018 3:18 pm , Category : HEALTH
London July 12 (IANS) People with Type-2 diabetes may be more at risk of developing restrictive lung disease (RLD) characterized by breathlessness than non-diabetic patients a study has found.
"Increased breathlessness RLD and interstitial lung anomalies can be associated with Type-2 diabetes " said lead author Stefan Kopf from the University Hospital Heidelberg in Germany.
Previous findings from animal experiments also show a significant connection between restrictive lung diseases and diabetes mellitus.
"We therefore suspect that lung disease is a late consequence of Type-2 diabetes " said Peter P. Nawroth Professor at the varsity.
The study also showed that RLD is associated with albuminuria -- a condition where urinary albumin levels are elevated. This may be an indication that lung disease and kidney disease may be associated with nephropathy -- diabetic kidney disease.
For the study published in the journal Respiration the team analysed data from 110 patients with long-term Type-2 diabetes 29 patients with newly diagnosed Type-2 diabetes 68 patients with pre-diabetes and 48 non-diabetic patients who were the controls.
The participants were examined for metabolic control diabetes-related complications breathlessness and lung function.
The results showed that RLD was found in 27 per cent of patients with long-term Type-2 diabetes 20 per cent in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes and nine per cent in patients with pre-diabetes.
Further patients with pronounced symptoms and RLD also showed CT-morphologically a fibrosating interstitial lung disease.
Diabetics also had increased pulmonary fibrosis -- a condition where the air sac in the lung becomes stiff and scarred.

--IANS sh/rt/mag/bg

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