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Under the Museum series 'Exhibit of the Month' of Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya

Friday - October 12, 2018 8:12 pm , Category : BHOPAL

Exhibit of the Month

Under the museum series 'Exhibit of the Month' of Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, a traditional object is displayed in the appearance for a whole month. The exhibit for the month of October  - "Rani Thongi" A Traditional Rat Trap used in every household of the Baiga tribes from Dindori, Madhaya Pradesh, is on display in the indoor exhibition building – Veethi Sankul. The 'exhibit of the month' has been inaugurated by Dr. Ilayaraja T., IAS (M.D., Madhya Pradesh Tourism Corporation, Bhopal), and renowned people present on this occasion. This exhibit of the month' has been compiled by Dr. Pritam Chaudhary, Museum Associate.

Thongi is a self-operating traditional rat trap which is used by the Baiga tribe of Madhya Pradesh. The Baiga tribe is accounted by the State to be an Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups. The members of this tribe are known to eat rat meat with much enjoyment after hunting, cutting and roasting the trapped rat. Generally three types of rat traps have been devised by the Baigas- the Dabka Fanda (Rani Thongi), Moosa Fanda (conical shape made of Bamboo) and bow-shaped trap (Kat Billa), (Verrier Elwin 1986). Almost all the ceilings of Baiga dwellings have this trap (Rani Thongi) established in their houses. Rani Thongi encompasses mainly five parts to its machinery namely: Rani Thongi, Khol, Chalan, Anra Khili and Mai Khili which make up for its inner-workings. The rat gets trapped and injured by this rat trap which is then taken out by the family members and consumed.

The technique and usage of Rani Thongi rat trap is a beautiful depiction of Baiga Tribe's hunting methods, their traditional techniques and their food patterns thus making it invaluable culturally. -Window To News
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