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History of Insulin Treatment

Monday - January 14, 2019 2:04 pm , Category : Fun Facts

Leonard Thompson was the first person to have received injection of insulin as a treatment for Type 1 diabetes. 

Thompson received his first injection in Toronto, Ontario, on January 11, 1922, at 14 years of age. Thompson’s father let the hospital try Banting and Best’s new pancreatic extract for the first time. However, the extract was an impure form of insulin. Thompson had an allergic reaction, and it had little effect.  A few days later Thompson was injected with a purer form of insulin. This was extracted by the chemist James Collip. Thompson’s blood sugars gradually returned to normal and his diabetic symptoms began to disappear.  

The first injection had an apparent impurity which was the likely cause for the allergic reaction he displayed. After a refined process was developed by James Collip to improve the canine pancreas extract, the second dosage was successfully delivered to the young patient twelve days after the first. Thompson showed signs of improved health and went on to live 13 more years taking doses of insulin.

The Canadian medical scientist Frederick Banting was co-discoverer of insulin, a hormone that regulates the sugar in the blood and helps in the treatment of diabetes (a disorder that causes the body to have difficulty maintaining a healthy blood sugar level). Because of this discovery, Banting became the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Prize. Source- Encyclopedia of World Biography 

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