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The Bori-Satpura National Park: Place of Barking Deer

Sunday - December 11, 2016 8:52 am , Category : TRAVEL
The Bori-Satpura National Park: Place of Barking Deer
The Bori-Satpura National Park: Place of Barking Deer

Satpura One of the oldest reserve forests in the country, Bori Reserve, created way back in 1866, saw a new beginning with the creation of the Bori-Satpura National park in 1981. It was created out of the Bori Reserve, wherein Satpura National Park, Bori Sanctuary and Panchmarhi Sanctuary were amalgamated to create the new entity. The Bori-Satpura National Park was inaugurated by none other than the famous ornithologist Salim Ali. The park came in the ambit of Project Tiger network in 1999. Apart from the tiger, gaur and sambar, chital, chausingha and chinkara also exist here. Among the 50 mammals and 30 reptile species believed to inhabit the park, the barking deer is an attraction. Though sightings are neither frequent nor plentiful, for the patient adventurer a glimpse of the rhesus macaque or langur or the wild boar and nilgai is not unlikely. For the luckier ones, the hyena, smooth otter, pangolin, porcupine, marsh crocodile, ratel, palm civet, and the small Indian civet, leopard and wolf too can be seen. The flying squirrel and the Indian giant squirrel are also found here. Wild dogs may be seen in packs and can hunt prey twice their own size. The park also boasts of over 1,300 different species of plants, including rare species of mosses and ferns, making it a perfect setting for the seeking botanist. The prize botanical attraction is Psilotam nudum, which can be seen on rock crevices and in deep gorges. For birdwatchers too the park is no less a paradise, for it houses about 254 avian species including the Crested Serpent Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagle, Honey Buzzard, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Malabar Whistling Thrush and the Madhya Pradesh state bird - the Paradise Flycatcher among others. Apart from the wildlife and the dense foliage dominated by Sal and Teak trees, Satpura region has an interesting and varied terrain that stretches from as less as 300 mts to as high as 1,300 mts, holding within it, ravines and ridges, waterfalls and reservoirs, hills, valleys and peaks, damp patches, sandy stretches, narrow gorges and woodlands. Wild flowers and abundance of butterflies add colour to the rigors of the rough Deccan terrain. Plain tiger, common jezebel, common crow, common mormon, common emigrant, common sailor, orange oak leaf are some of the famous butterfly species often found in the Park. The whole region is also strewn with rock shelters, many of them pre-historic, which are big attractions for the anthropologically or archeologically inclined. Most of them over 3,000 to 10,000 years old, the rock shelters are decorated with beautiful paintings, which display highly developed mental faculties of the cave dwellers. Any description of Satpura is incomplete without the reference of Pachmarhi, a jewel among the hill stations of the country. The small hilly and sylvan town ensconced in the Satpura fold, treasures not only a rich history but is home to numerous hotels and types of accommodations for the traveler. In and around Pachmarhi there is plenty to see, most important of them being the Dhupgargh peak, which provides a fabulous view of the surroundings and is also a great place to catch the sunset. Bee Fall is a marvelous waterfall that flows into a stream providing water to Pachmarhi. A wildlife museum was inaugurated in 1986, in the Bison Lodge, which is the oldest Forest Department building in Pachmarhi town and in the state. The lodge was built by Captain J. Forsyth, who first visited Pachmarhi in 1857 and founded the hill station. Handi Khoh, with a 90 mt steep precipice is one of Pachmarhis most impressive ravines. Apsara Vihar or the Fairy Pool is a refreshing picnic spot and the waterfall at Rajat Pratap, which affords rock-climbing opportunities to the adventurous, is ten-minute trek from Apsara Vihar.-WTN

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