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Will the country be consented on one nation, one election concept?

Wednesday - June 19, 2019 2:59 pm , Category : WTN SPECIAL
Debate in the country on the simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections
Debate in the country on the simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections

Will the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections be held simultaneously in the world's largest democracy?

JUNE 19 (WTN) - As you know, India is the world's largest democracy. In the world's largest democracy, there is a debate for a long time whether Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections should be held simultaneously in the country or not? After all, why this debate is taking place and what are the advantages and disadvantages of simultaneously elections of Lok Sabha and Assemblies, let us take a look at this.

Once again, issue of simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections in the headlines, because Prime Minister Modi himself is supporting it. Prime Minister Modi has been saying for a long time that there is a need for simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections in a vast developing country like India, because doing so will save thousands of rupees of the country.

The Election Commission, the NITI Aayog, the Law Commission and the Constitution Review Commission have negotiated on the issue of simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections. But, in terms of political parties, only a few political parties, including the BJP, are in favor of it, while the majority of the political parties in the country are opposed to simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly elections.

In fact, Prime Minister Modi wants that the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections simultaneously should be done in the country; doing so will save a lot of resources. As you know, making a peaceful and unbiased election in a vast country like India itself is a big challenge before the Election Commission. Every year in India, Assembly Elections are held in many states, and due to which every year the country always keeps on election mode.

It is not that the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections, in India, have never been done simultaneously before. Elections have been held simultaneously for the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies after independence in 1952, 1957, 1962 and 1967. But the sequence of simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections was broken once the Legislative Assemblies of some states were dissolved earlier in the year 1968-69.

Some experts have view that there is a lot of difference between the first 20 years of independence and nowadays. At that time the country's population was low and the people were not much interesting in voting. In such a situation, it was practical to conduct simultaneously the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections that time. But now that the country's population has increased a lot, in such a situation, simultaneously election is not possible on the ground. At the same time some people argue that there will be saving of millions of Rupees by conducting simultaneously the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections. It is true that the population of the country has increased but technology and resources have also been developed, with which help the elections can be held simultaneously.

Prime Minister Modi has said many times that due to simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections, the model code of conduct for the election will not have to be repeated, due to this the policy decisions can be taken and that will not affect the development work as well. On the other hand, every year, due to the Assembly Elections in some state, the country has to spend huge amounts on it, thereby causing additional burden on the public exchequer.

It is of the opinion of economics experts that with the simultaneously election, there will be a great help in controlling on black money and corruption, because black money is used extensively during elections. At the same time, the former officials believe that by conducting elections simultaneously, Government employees and security forces will not need to get put on repeated election duty again and again.

However, a lot of political parties are strongly opposing the proposed plan to hold elections simultaneously. Opponents argue that there is a five-year period for the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections in the Constitution, and there is no provision for the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections to be held simultaneously in the Constitution.

As you know, the Central Government has the right to disband the State Governments under Article 356. But if the alleged misuse of this right has been done to hold elections simultaneously, it may have fiercely opposed. At the same time, for simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections, the term of some Assemblies will be increased or reduced; this will affect the autonomy of the states. It is being argued by the opponents that regional issues will get smaller against national issues, or national issues will be raised against regional issues if elections are held simultaneously.

Opponents say that there are different issues of the Lok Sabha Elections and every state’s Assembly Elections. If elections are held simultaneously, then national issues will dominate regional issues, which can cause the states and regional parties to suffer loss.

There are many arguments behind the support of simultaneously Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections, whereas there are equally logics in its opposition. Prime Minister Modi wants both the elections simultaneously. Now it is necessary to see if Prime Minister Modi succeeds in the mission to get the Lok Sabha and the Assembly Elections simultaneously. But till all the political parties do not support in this campaign, it is not possible to conduct both the elections simultaneously.