Pollution is killing children
Wednesday - January 15, 2020 4:04 pm , Category : WTN SPECIAL
WTN- Pollution is a growing problem of modern India and the Deli-NCR region is one of the most polluted urban agglomerations of the world with AQI reaching 900-1000 at certain times. However, the problem is not limited just to Delhi-NCR. A recent report by ICMR and Global Burden of Disease says that Uttar Pradesh reported the largest number of Under-5 children’s deaths per one lakh population due to lung infections caused by pollution around them.
While in UP the figure is 111 children’s deaths, in Bihar it is 106 and in Assam it is 78 children per one lakh population who have died due to lung afflictions. At 86, in Madhya Pradesh too the numbers are high. In Delhi-NCR one child dies of lung infection every three minutes. In the last 5-6 years, there has been a constant rise in the number of children suffering from bronchitis, acute bronchitis and pneumonia.
More children are getting lung infection due to PM1 and PM2.5 than bacterial or viral attacks. Children breath twice the speed of adults, which is why they inhale suspended particles more rapidly. PM1 is 70 times finer particles than hair and PM2 is 40 times finer. These reach the blood cells and due to lesser immunity/resistance capacity in children, these particulate matters affect health more directly and intensely, making them vulnerable to fatal consequences. It is also due to pollution that Indian children remain 20 per cent shorter than their European counterparts till the age of 18.
Unless urgent steps are taken to stem the growing pollution levels in our cities, more children will fall prey to its evil impact. Though steps like promotion of e-vehicles and more dependence on solar energy are being taken but they are slow and will take a long time to have some measurable impact on lives. We need more urgent steps because the damage is already deep.
Apart from government initiatives it is also important for the public in general to take steps that lessen pollution, like greater use of the public transport, discouraging burning of garbage in the open, reducing unnecessary use of the car, planting saplings etc. In a country of a billion population, if everyone pledges to take such small steps around them to keep their environs clean, it will certainly have a big impact on the country as a whole.
Without people’s cooperation and participation, in such a big country, no government can change things all alone. It needs workings of different cogs in tandem to churn the giant wheel of movement. After all it is our children and our future that we are securing or destroying by our action.
It is we humans who are responsible for pollution, and it is we ourselves who can and will have to stop it too. Every littlest action of ours towards environment protection counts – be it switching off the light, or closing the tap. Each of these will go into reducing pollution somewhere and making our environment better. - Window To News