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Indian foreign policy test due to US-Iran tension

Friday - September 27, 2019 1:57 pm , Category : WTN SPECIAL
Prime Minister Narendra Modi considered an expert in foreign policy
Prime Minister Narendra Modi considered an expert in foreign policy

The US and Iran dispute increases India's 'tension'

SEP 27 (WTN) - As you know, for many years since independence, India's foreign policy was allegedly non-alignment. During the Cold War, India kept an equal distance from the capitalist USA and the then communist USSR. However, it is said that due to Nehru's foreign policy, India was inclined towards USSR during this period. But over time the USSR disintegrated and the US emerged as the most powerful country in the world. In today's era, it is very important for a developing country like India to maintain diplomatic and economic relations with a developed country like America.

After the disintegration of the USSR, America emerged as a powerful country in the whole world and in a way, the whole world became unipolar. For your information, let us know that the entire world economy is exchanged in the US dollars only. After America's strategic dominion and its grip on the economy of the whole world, America started imposing economic restrictions on the countries with which it had differences.

Due to their differences, the United States keeps imposing economic restrictions on many countries from time to time, and these restrictions imposed by America have to be accepted by other countries of the world, because the whole world trade is dependent on US dollar.

As you know, due to the conflict between the US and Iran, which has been going on for many years, the US has imposed strict economic sanctions on Iran. Those countries like India, which depend on oil crude oil supply from Iran, have to suffer the loss of tough economic restrictions on Iran. For your information, let us know that due to the US restrictions on Iran, India is no longer able to import crude oil from Iran.

Crude oil supplies, including India, have been badly hit since the recent attack on two oil plants of the world's largest oil company, Aramco, in Saudi Arabia, and the increase in crude oil prices has cost petrol and diesel expensive. Indeed, if the oil supply was affected by Saudi Arabia for any reason, India had not to be so upset if India continued to import oil from Iran.

Amidst all these developments, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, who arrived in the US to attend the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly, met the President of Iran Hassan Rouhani in New York. Modi's meeting is taking place at a time when tensions between the US and Iran are at a peak and both countries are on the verge of war.

However, this meeting between the Prime Minister of India Modi and the President of Iran, Rouhani, is being considered as a normal meeting, as the issues of mutual and regional interest were discussed between the two. After the US economic embargo on Iran, the oil supply from Iran to India has stopped, after which the meeting between the leaders of these two countries was discussed. The meeting of both these leaders was awaited, as both leaders could not meet on the occasion of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan in June.

For your information, let us know that India is the third largest oil consuming country in the world. India meets 80 per cent of its oil needs through imports. Until recently, Iran was India's third largest oil supplier after Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Enraged by Iran's alleged nuclear program, the US imposed strong economic sanctions on Iran, the after the US gave India and seven other countries a six-month exemption to buy oil from Iran, which ended on May 2 this year. It is natural that India has suffered a lot due to the stoppage of oil imports from Iran. Let you know that Iran was also said to have exported oil from India to Indian currency amidst the US restrictions, but India can’t accept this demand from Iran due to the strong diplomatic and economic ties with the US.

For your information, let us know that the diplomatic, economic and cultural relations between India and Iran are very old. Prime Minister Modi visited Tehran in May 2016 with the aim of building a strategic relationship with Iran and expanding India's relations with West Asia. About a dozen agreements were signed by India and Iran during Prime Minister Modi's visit. India also entered into an agreement with Iran on the development of the Chabahar port under strategic and economic policy.

At the same time, in the month of February last year, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani visited India. Rouhani was the first Iranian president to visit India in the last decade. During his visit, so many agreements were signed between the two countries. For your information, let us know that Iran's cooperation with India is very important for the regional balance, because only with Iran, India can control Pakistan.

As you know, both America and Iran stand at the brink of war. In such a situation, there is a big challenge before India to maintain its relations with both the countries, because India needs relationship with both these countries. On the one hand, while India needs cooperation with the US for its diplomatic and economic interests, on the other hand, India needs Iran's support to maintain regional strategic balance, because through this India can put pressure on Pakistan.

India is in such a situation today that India would not like to offend either the US or Iran. It can be said that the ongoing tension between the US and Iran has greatly affected the oil economy of India. But now it has to be seen whether Prime Minister Modi is able to maintain balanced relations with these two countries amid the ongoing tension between America and Iran or not?